Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety Disorders are a class of mental disorders characterized by chronic, debilitating, unfounded, unrealistic fear of an unspecified danger, dread, terror, or apprehension, often leading to an emergency reaction and fight or flight behavior. These disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, phobia, agoraphobia, and post traumatic stress disorder.

 

Symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Irregularities in heartbeat
  • Sweating
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness, Faintness
  • Feelings of unreality

 

Treatments

There are several treatment options for anxiety disorders. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Exposure Therapy are two effective anxiety disorders treatments.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a therapeutic technique in which therapists attempt to alter both the maladaptive thoughts and maladaptive behaviors of a patient through restructuring of maladaptive beliefs systems and re-training behaviors.

Exposure Therapy is a form of treatment in which the patient endures the phobic object or original trauma either in vivo or in imagination. Through repeated exposure to the feared situation or object without being harmed, the patient will therefore gain a greater sense of control.