Mood Disorders

Mood disorders are characterized by unrealistic extremes of emotions such as Depression or Mania. The Mood Disorders Include: Depressive Disorders, Bipolar Disorders, Mood Disorders Due to General Medical Condition and Substance Abuse Mood Disorder.  The most common of the Mood Disorders are Depression and Bipolar disorders.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorders are characterized by severe mood swings. The individual with Bipolar Disorder may experience periods of depression and mania. Without treatment, people who have Bipolar Disorder often go through devastating life events such as marital breakups, job loss, substance abuse, and suicide.


  • Mania-expansive or irritable mood 
  • Inflated self-esteem
  • Decreased need for sleep
  • Increased energy 
  • Racing thoughts 
  • Feelings of invulnerability
  • Poor judgment 
  • Heightened sex drive
  • Feelings of hopelessness, guilt, worthlessness  
  • Fatigue 
  • Loss of appetite for food or sex
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Thoughts of suicide; and suicide attempts



When a person is feeling sad and has loss of interest in pleasure nearly every day during a period of 2 weeks, he or she may have depression.


  • Changes in appetite and sleeping patterns
  • Feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness 
  • Inappropriate guilt
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in formerly important activities
  • Fatigue
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Suicidal thoughts or behaviors



Cognitive Behavioral Therapy may be as effective as medications for some people who have depression. A combination of Therapy and Medication is more effective than either one alone for Bipolar Disorders.