Stress Management

Stress is the physiological reaction caused by the perception of aversive or threatening situations. The physiological responses that accompany the negative emotions prepare the body either to fight or to run away from dangerous situations. Once one fought with an adversary or run away from a threatening or dangerous situation and the threat is over the body returns to normal. But sometimes the threatening situations are continuous rather than episodic, producing continuous stress response.

Long term Stress produces adverse health effects such as increase blood pressure, damage muscle tissue, diabetes, heart attack, stroke, suppression of the immune system.

Psychosomatic Symptoms of Stress:

  • Stomach symptoms: feeling of Discomfort, pain, pressure, or acidity
  • Muscle Pain and tension: occurring in the neck shoulder and back
  • Fatigue: Feeling tired or exhausted without feeling physical activities
  • Intestinal difficulties: having either constipation or diarrhea
  • Skin disorders: exaggerated skin blemishes, pimples or oiliness
  • Eating problems: feeling compelled to eat or having no appetite
  • Insomnia: being unable to fall asleep or stay asleep
  • Asthmatic or allergic problems
  • High blood pressure or heart pounding
  • Weak immune system

 

Management

  • Identify the true sources of the Stress
  • Cognitive Restructuring or Reframing
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Guided imagery/ meditation
  • Distraction (exercising, reading, work leisure balance)
  • Social Support/ Support System